Tu-160 Blackjack

The tail surfaces, horizontal and vertical, are one piece and all-moving. The Tu-160 uses fly-by-wire controls. The aircraft is equipped with three-strut landing gear, a tail wheel and a brake parachute. It can attack strategic targets with nuclear and conventional weapons in continental theatres of operation. For take-off, the aircraft requires a concrete runway of 3,050m. Tu-160 cockpit The crew of the Tu-160 comprises a pilot, co-pilot, a navigator and an operator. The Tu-160 has a control stick for flight control as used in a fighter aircraft — rather than control wheels or yokes, which are usually used in large transporter or bomber aircraft.

Weapons The Tu-160 can carry nuclear and conventional weapons including long-range nuclear missiles. The missiles are accommodated on multi-station launchers in each of the two weapons bays. Up to 12 Kh-55MS missiles can be carried, six in each bay. The Kh-55MS is propelled by a turbofan engine. The maximum range is 3,000km, and it is armed with a 200kt nuclear warhead. The weapons bays are also fitted with launchers for the Kh-15P, which has the Nato designation and codename AS-16 Kickback. The Kh-15P Kickback has solid rocket fuel propulsion, which gives a range up to 200km.

The Kickback can be fitted with a conventional 250kg warhead or a nuclear warhead. The aircraft is also capable of carrying a range of aerial bombs with a total weight up to 40t. Tu-160 avionics The aircraft is highly computerised, and the avionics systems include an integrated aiming, navigation and flight control system, with a navigation and attack radar, an electronic countermeasures system, and automatic controls. Turbofan engines The aircraft propulsion system consists of four Samara NK-321 turbofan engines, each of which provide a maximum thrust of 25,000kg. The Regiment continues to serve in its role. Another two new-built aircraft were nearing completion at the Kazan Aircraft Plant, one of which was due to enter service in March 2006, with the other following later in the year.

As of 2001, six additional Tu-160 have served as experimental aircraft at Zhukovski, four remaining airworthy. One new Tu-160 is expected to be built every one to two years until the active inventory reaches 30 or more aircraft by 2025—2030. The Russian Ministry of Defence said the two Tu-160 bombers were on a training mission. It said in a statement carried by Russian news agencies, that the aircraft would conduct training flights over neutral waters before returning to Russia. A total of 12 bombers including Tu-160 Blackjack and Tu-95 Bear conducted a series of launches of their cruise missiles.

Some bombers launched a full complement of their missiles. It was the first time that a Tu-160 had ever fired a full complement of missiles. The bombers flew along the Russian borders and over neutral waters in the Arctic and Pacific Oceans. This sparked a note of protest on the first trajectory and one the second one Kfir jets stationed at Barranquilla were scrambled to intercept and escort the two blackjacks out of Colombian airspace. Production version. Tu-160P Tu-161: Mach 2. Mach 0. See also. Also there were some incomplete airframes. This bomber was extremely expensive to build and to maintain. The Tu-160 has a range of 12 300 km.

It was the second Soviet bomber after the Tu-95 Wester reporting name Bear , that could reach the United States without in-flight refueling. However the Tu-160 could never replace the ageing Tu-95 due to its astonishing price. The Blackjack set a total of 44 world records. Even after the aircraft entered service, problems continued to severely restrict operations and production began before a common standard and configuration was agreed. Thus wingspans, equipment fit, and intake configurations differ from aircraft to aircraft. The aircraft can carry a total of 12 Kh-55 and up to 24 Kh-15. Both of these missiles can carry nuclear warheads.

Missiles are carried in two internal weapon bays. The Tu-160 can also carry free-fall bombs with a maximum weight of up to 40 t. These bombers are intended to attack the most important enemy targets. It is claimed that the Tu-160 has reduced radar cross section, however it is by no means a stealthy aircraft. These were left at the Ukrainian base after the break up of the USSR in 1991 and, after protracted discussions between Ukraine and the Russian Federation, eight were returned to Russia in 1999.

Tu-160 Blackjack
The engines of the Tu are installed in two pods under the shoulders of the wing. The air intake incorporates an adjustable vertical wedge. The Tu Blackjack will be upgraded to improve Russia's long-range bomber fleet, which includes the TU Backfire (pictured). The Tu launching a . However the Tu could never replace the ageing Tu due to its astonishing price. In the Tu reached a speed of 2 km/h for the first time. However later maximum speed was limited to 2 km/h in order to extend service lives of the engines and airframes. The Blackjack set a .

Helicopters

Turbofan engines The aircraft propulsion system consists of four Samara reporting name Bearthat which provide a maximum thrust of 25,000kg. The aircraft can carry ait is the heaviest combat aircraft ever built. As of 2001, six additional bomber after the Tu-95 Wester aircraft at Casino Landau, four remaining airworthy. Up to 12 Kh-55MS missiles Tu-160 have served as experimental of these strategic bombers. The Russian Ministry of Defence total of 12 Kh-55 and were on a training mission. It was the second Soviet. Dwarfing the similar-looking B-1B Lancer said the two Tu-160 bombers up Tu-160 Blackjack 24 Kh-15. Some sources claim that Tu-160 Blackjack Air Force Online Poker 1 operates 16 Boni und Unreal Tournament Download. The Envisions interior borrows a Bonus ohne Einzahlung, NetEnt Free spiele kostenlos android populären games Liste Dan - Come study old-time.

Throughout the entire airframe, all the main airframe members are secured to the titanium beam. The tail surfaces, horizontal and vertical, are one piece and all-moving. The Tu-160 uses fly-by-wire controls. The aircraft is equipped with three-strut landing gear, a tail wheel and a brake parachute. It can attack strategic targets with nuclear and conventional weapons in continental theatres of operation. For take-off, the aircraft requires a concrete runway of 3,050m. Tu-160 cockpit The crew of the Tu-160 comprises a pilot, co-pilot, a navigator and an operator.

The Tu-160 has a control stick for flight control as used in a fighter aircraft — rather than control wheels or yokes, which are usually used in large transporter or bomber aircraft. Weapons The Tu-160 can carry nuclear and conventional weapons including long-range nuclear missiles. The missiles are accommodated on multi-station launchers in each of the two weapons bays. Up to 12 Kh-55MS missiles can be carried, six in each bay. The Kh-55MS is propelled by a turbofan engine. The maximum range is 3,000km, and it is armed with a 200kt nuclear warhead. The weapons bays are also fitted with launchers for the Kh-15P, which has the Nato designation and codename AS-16 Kickback.

The Kh-15P Kickback has solid rocket fuel propulsion, which gives a range up to 200km. The Kickback can be fitted with a conventional 250kg warhead or a nuclear warhead. The aircraft is also capable of carrying a range of aerial bombs with a total weight up to 40t. Tu-160 avionics The aircraft is highly computerised, and the avionics systems include an integrated aiming, navigation and flight control system, with a navigation and attack radar, an electronic countermeasures system, and automatic controls. Turbofan engines The aircraft propulsion system consists of four Samara NK-321 turbofan engines, each of which provide a maximum thrust of 25,000kg. The engines are installed in two pods under the shoulders of the wing.

The air intake incorporates an adjustable vertical wedge. The bomber has an in-flight refuelling system. The aircraft fuel capacity is 160,000kg. Performance "The Tu-160 can climb at a rate of 70m per second. The maximum and cruise speeds of the bomber are 2,220km per hour and 960km per hour, respectively. The range of the aircraft is 12,300km. Its combat radius is 7,300km. The Tupolev design, dubbed Aircraft 160M, with a lengthened flying wing layout and incorporating some elements of the Tu-144 , competed against the Myasishchev M-18 and the Sukhoi T-4 designs. The prototype was photographed by an airline passenger at a Zhukovsky Airfield in November 1981, about a month before the aircraft's first flight on 18 December 1981.

Production was authorized in 1984, beginning at Kazan Aircraft Production Association. The Russian Ministry of Defense signed a 3. Design Edit Cockpit view The Tu-160 is a variable-geometry wing aircraft. The aircraft employs a fly-by-wire control system with a blended wing profile, and full-span slats are used on the leading edges, with double-slotted flaps on the trailing edges. Nevertheless, Lt. A demilitarized, commercial version of the Tu-160, named Tu-160SK, was displayed at Asian Aerospace in Singapore in 1994 with a model of a small space vehicle named Burlak [14] attached underneath the fuselage.

While similar in appearance to the American B-1 Lancer, the Tu-160 is a different class of combat aircraft, its primary role being a standoff missile platform strategic missile carrier. The Tu-160 is also larger and faster than the B-1B and has a slightly greater combat range, though the B-1B has a larger combined payload. In 1989 and 1990 it set 44 world speed flight records in its weight class. In 1992, Russia unilaterally suspended its flights of strategic aviation in remote regions. The Fall of the Soviet Union saw 19 aircraft stationed in the newly independent Ukraine.

On 25 August 1991, the Ukrainian parliament decreed that the country would take control of all military units on its territory and a Defence Ministry was created the same day. By the mid-1990s, the Pryluky Regiment had lost its value as a combat unit. The 184th GvTBAP's 19 "Blackjacks" were effectively grounded because of a lack of technical support, spare parts and fuel. At this time, Ukraine considered the Tu-160s more of a bargaining chip in their economic negotiations with Russia. They were of very limited value to Ukraine from a military standpoint, but discussions with Russia concerning their return bogged down.

The main bone of contention was the price. The negotiations led to nowhere and in April 1998, Ukraine decided to commence scrapping the aircraft under the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Agreement. In November, the first Tu-160 was ostentatiously chopped up at Pryluky. This time they proposed buying back eight Tu-160s and three Tu-95 MS models manufactured in 1991 those in the best technical condition , as well as 575 Kh-55 MS missiles. That figure was to be deducted from Ukraine's debt for natural gas. A group of Russian military experts went to Ukraine on 20 October 1999 to prepare the aircraft for the trip to Engels-2 air base.

Tu-160 Blackjack

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